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Glossary of Terms

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Ecancermedicalscience

The open access cancer journal from the European Institute of Oncology in Milan. The journal contains quality cancer research alongside innovative new media and e-learning. The European CanCer Organisation is a founding partner.

ECCO

The European CanCer Organisation represents more than 40,000 experts and brings together major players in cancer research, treatment, and care in order to create awareness of patients' wishes and needs. ECCO was formally known as FECS.

ECG

(Electrocardiogram or EKG) A test that takes recordings of the electrical activity of the heart.

Echography

(also known as Sonogram or Ultrasound) A picture of the body's tissues built up by using high energy sound waves.

Edema

The build up of fluid in part of the body.

Effusion

A collection of fluid in a body cavity, usually between two adjacent tissues.

EKG

(Electrocardiogram or ECG) A test that takes recordings of the electrical activity of the heart.

Electrocardiogram

(EKG or ECG) A test that takes recordings of the electrical activity of the heart.

EMEA

European Medicines Evaluation Agency - EU intergovernment body that approve drugs for use in Europe.

Endocrine system

Organs and glands that produce hormones.

Endometrial carcinoma

A cancer of the lining of the uterus.

Endoscope

a thin, lighted tube used to bounce high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) off internal tissues or organs and make echoes. The echoes then form a picture of body tissues called a sonogram.

Endoscopy

A procedure looking at the inside of body cavities, such as the esophagus or stomach.

Enema

The insertion of a liquid into the large bowel via the rectum.

Epiglottis

A flap of tissue that closes over the trachea when swallowing so that food does not enter the airway.