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Glossary of Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All

ABPI

Association of British Pharmaceutical Industry.

Acute

A sudden onset of symptoms or disease.

Adenocarcinoma

A cancerous tumour made up of glandular tissue.

Adenoids

A part of the body found at the back of the throat. They consist of lymphoid tissue and become swollen during an infection.

Adenoma

A non cancerous tumour beginning in the glandular tissue.

Adjuvant chemotherapy

Chemotherapy treatment given to kill any remaining cancer cells, usually after the tumour is removed by surgery or radiotherapy.

Adjuvant therapy

Treatment for cancer given after the tumour is removed.

Adrenal glands

Two small organs near the kidneys that release hormones.

AFP

(alpha fetoprotein) A tumour marker.

AIDS Acquired

Immune deficiency syndrome. A viral disease that destroys the body's ability to fight infections, leaving the body susceptible to other diseases.

Alpha fetoprotein

(AFP) A tumour marker.

Alternative medicine

A group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not presently considered to be part of conventional medicine. Alternative medicine is used in place of conventional medicine.

Alveolus

Tiny, thin-walled air sac found in each lung at the end of the bronchiole branches where oxygen enters and carbon dioxide leaves the blood. (plural - alveoli).

Anaemia

A decreased number of active red blood cells that may cause tiredness and weakness.

Analgesic

Any drug that relieves pain, for example paracetamol is a mild analgesic.